Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health


Author index

Page Path
HOME > Browse Articles > Author index
Bita Anvari 1 Article
Validity of Self-reported Hypertension and Factors Related to Discordance Between Self-reported and Objectively Measured Hypertension: Evidence From a Cohort Study in Iran
Farid Najafi, Yahya Pasdar, Ebrahim Shakiba, Behrooz Hamzeh, Mitra Darbandi, Mehdi Moradinazar, Jafar Navabi, Bita Anvari, Mohammad Reza Saidi, Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi
J Prev Med Public Health. 2019;52(2):131-139.   Published online March 29, 2019
  • 6,956 View
  • 137 Download
  • 18 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Self-reporting can be used to determine the incidence and prevalence of hypertension (HTN). The present study was conducted to determine the validity of self-reported HTN and to identify factors affecting discordance between self-reported and objectively measured HTN in participants in the Ravansar Non-Communicable Diseases (RaNCD) cohort.
The RaNCD cohort included permanent residents of Ravansar, Iran aged 35-65 years. Self-reported data were collected before clinical examinations were conducted by well-trained staff members. The gold standard for HTN was anti-hypertensive medication use and blood pressure measurements. The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and overall accuracy of self-reporting were calculated. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression were used to examine the discordance between self-reported HTN and the gold standard.
Of the 10 065 participants in the RaNCD, 4755 (47.4%) were male. The prevalence of HTN was 16.8% based on self-reporting and 15.7% based on medical history and HTN measurements. Of the participants with HTN, 297 (18.8%) had no knowledge of their disease, and 313 (19.9%) had not properly controlled their HTN despite receiving treatment. The sensitivity, specificity, and kappa for self-reported HTN were 75.5%, 96.4%, and 73.4%, respectively. False positives became more likely with age, body mass index (BMI), low socioeconomic status, and female sex, whereas false negatives became more likely with age, BMI, high socioeconomic status, smoking, and urban residency.
The sensitivity and specificity of self-reported HTN were acceptable, suggesting that this method can be used for public health initiatives in the absence of countrywide HTN control and detection programs.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Self-Reported Hypertension and Associated Factors Among Adults in Butambala District, Central Uganda: A Community-Based Prevalence Study
    Alex Kato, Winnie Kibone, Jerom Okot, Joseph Baruch Baluku, Felix Bongomin
    Integrated Blood Pressure Control.2023; Volume 16: 71.     CrossRef
  • Validity of self‐reported hypertension and related factors in the adult population: Preliminary results from the cohort in the west of Iran
    Negar Piri, Yousef Moradi, Reza Ghanei Gheshlagh, Mahsa Abdullahi, Eghbal Fattahi, Farhad Moradpour
    The Journal of Clinical Hypertension.2023; 25(2): 146.     CrossRef
  • Sex-Specific Contributions of Alcohol and Hypertension on Everyday Cognition in Middle-Aged and Older Adults
    Madison Musich, Amy N. Costa, Victoria Salathe, Mary Beth Miller, Ashley F. Curtis
    Journal of Women's Health.2023; 32(10): 1086.     CrossRef
  • National and regional prevalence rates of hypertension in Saudi Arabia: A descriptive analysis using the national survey data
    Aqeel M. Alenazi, Bader A. Alqahtani
    Frontiers in Public Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Psychotic-like experiences are associated with physical disorders in general population: A cross-sectional study from the NESARC II
    David Sleurs, Caroline Dubertret, Baptiste Pignon, Sarah Tebeka, Yann Le Strat
    Journal of Psychosomatic Research.2023; 165: 111128.     CrossRef
  • Understanding Cognitive Deficits in People with High Blood Pressure
    Weixi Kang, Sònia Pineda Hernández
    Journal of Personalized Medicine.2023; 13(11): 1592.     CrossRef
  • Validity of self-reported hypertension and associated factors among Vietnamese adults: a cross-sectional study
    Hoang Thi Hai Van, Dang Thi Huong, Tran Ngoc Anh
    Blood Pressure.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Validity of self‐reported hypertension in India: Evidence from nationally representative survey of adult population over 45 years
    Mrigesh Bhatia, Priyanka Dixit, Manish Kumar, Laxmi Kant Dwivedi
    The Journal of Clinical Hypertension.2022; 24(11): 1506.     CrossRef
  • Socioeconomic inequalities in prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension: evidence from the PERSIAN cohort study
    Mahin Amini, Mahdi Moradinazar, Fatemeh Rajati, Moslem Soofi, Sadaf G. Sepanlou, Hossein Poustchi, Sareh Eghtesad, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Javad Harooni, Javad Aghazadeh-Attari, Majid Fallahi, Mohammad Reza Fattahi, Alireza Ansari-Moghaddam, Farhad Moradpour,
    BMC Public Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Barriers to effective hypertension management in rural Bihar, India: A cross-sectional, linked supply- and demand-side study
    Michael A. Peters, Olakunle Alonge, Anbrasi Edward, Yvonne Commodore-Mensah, Japneet Kaur, Navneet Kumar, Krishna D. Rao, Roopa Shivashankar
    PLOS Global Public Health.2022; 2(10): e0000513.     CrossRef
  • Risk factors, ethnicity and dementia: A UK Biobank prospective cohort study of White, South Asian and Black participants
    Naaheed Mukadam, Louise Marston, Gemma Lewis, Gill Livingston, Gyaneshwer Chaubey
    PLOS ONE.2022; 17(10): e0275309.     CrossRef
  • Maternal perinatal hypertensive disorders and parenting in infancy
    Lindsay Huffhines, Margaret H. Bublitz, Jesse L. Coe, Ronald Seifer, Stephanie H. Parade
    Infant Behavior and Development.2022; 69: 101781.     CrossRef
  • Determinants of self-reported hypertension among women in South Africa: evidence from the population-based survey
    Peter Austin Morton Ntenda, Walaa Mamdouh Reyad El-Meidany, Fentanesh Nibret Tiruneh, Mfundi President Sebenele Motsa, Joyce Nyirongo, Gowokani Chijere Chirwa, Arnold Kapachika, Owen Nkoka
    Clinical Hypertension.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Identifying factors associated with of blood pressure using Structural Equation Modeling: evidence from a large Kurdish cohort study in Iran
    Farid Najafi, Mehdi Moradinazar, Shahab Rezayan, Reza Azarpazhooh, Parastoo Jamshidi
    BMC Endocrine Disorders.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Examining elevated blood pressure and the effects of diabetes self-management education on blood pressure among a sample of Marshallese with type 2 diabetes in Arkansas
    Pearl A. McElfish, Christopher R. Long, Zoran Bursac, Aaron J. Scott, Harish E. Chatrathi, Ka‘imi A. Sinclair, Nirav Nagarsheth, Mikaila Calcagni, Jay Patolia, Marie-Rachelle Narcisse, Solveig A. Cunningham
    PLOS ONE.2021; 16(4): e0250489.     CrossRef
  • Food insecurity and hypertension: A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Sourik Beltrán, Marissa Pharel, Canada T. Montgomery, Itzel J. López-Hinojosa, Daniel J. Arenas, Horace M. DeLisser, Ronpichai Chokesuwattanaskul
    PLOS ONE.2020; 15(11): e0241628.     CrossRef
  • Treatment of amphetamine abuse/use disorder: a systematic review of a recent health concern
    Mansour Khoramizadeh, Mohammad Effatpanah, Alireza Mostaghimi, Mehdi Rezaei, Alireza Mahjoub, Sara Shishehgar
    DARU Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences.2019; 27(2): 743.     CrossRef
  • Racial/Ethnic Differences in Cardiometabolic Risk in a Community Sample of Sexual Minority Women
    Billy A. Caceres, Cindy B. Veldhuis, Tonda L. Hughes
    Health Equity.2019; 3(1): 350.     CrossRef

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health