Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health


Author index

Page Path
HOME > Browse Articles > Author index
Ardeshir Khosravi 1 Article
Socioeconomic Inequality in Malnutrition in Under-5 Children in Iran: Evidence From the Multiple Indicator Demographic and Health Survey, 2010
Abdollah Almasian Kia, Aziz Rezapour, Ardeshir Khosravi, Vajiheh Afzali Abarghouei
J Prev Med Public Health. 2017;50(3):201-209.   Published online May 10, 2017
  • 8,422 View
  • 275 Download
  • 15 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
The aim of this study was to assess the socioeconomic inequality in malnutrition in under-5 children in Iran in order to help policymakers reduce such inequality.
Data on 8443 under-5 children were extracted from the Iran Multiple Indicator Demographic and Health Survey. The wealth index was used as proxy for socioeconomic status. Socioeconomic inequality in stunting, underweight, and wasting was calculated using the concentration index. The concentration index was calculated for the whole sample, as well as for subcategories defined in terms of categories such as area of residence (urban and rural) and the sex of children.
Stunting was observed to be more prevalent than underweight or wasting. The results of the concentration index at the national level, as well as in rural and urban areas and in terms of children’s sex, showed that inequality in stunting and underweight was statistically significant and that children in the lower quintiles were more malnourished. The wasting index was not sensitive to socioeconomic status, and its concentration index value was not statistically significant.
This study showed that it can be misleading to assess the mean levels of malnutrition at the national level without knowledge of the distribution of malnutrition among socioeconomic groups. Significant socioeconomic inequalities in stunting and underweight were observed at the national level and in both urban and rural areas. Regarding the influence of nutrition on the health and economic well-being of preschool-aged children, it is necessary for the government to focus on taking targeted measures to reduce malnutrition and to focus on poorer groups within society who bear a greater burden of malnutrition.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The level of wasting and associated factors among children aged 6–59 months in sub-Saharan African countries: multilevel ordinal logistic regression analysis
    Hiwot Altaye Asebe, Zufan Alamrie Asmare, Kusse Urmale Mare, Bizunesh Fantahun Kase, Tsion Mulat Tebeje, Yordanose Sisay Asgedom, Abdu Hailu Shibeshi, Afewerk Alemu Lombebo, Kebede Gemeda Sabo, Bezawit Melak Fente, Meklit Melaku Bezie, Beminate Lemma Seif
    Frontiers in Nutrition.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Prediction and analysis of trends in the nutritional status of children under 5 years in Iran: reanalysis of the results of national surveys conducted between 1998 and 2020
    Delaram Ghodsi, Hamid Rasekhi, Zahra Yari, Roshanak Roustaee, Bahereh Nikooyeh, Ayoub Faramarzi, Hassan Eini-Zinab, Tirang R. Neyestani
    Frontiers in Nutrition.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Improvement in Anthropometric Measurements of Malnourished Children by Means of Complementary Food and Nutritional Education in Fars Province, Iran: A Community-Based Intervention
    Razieh Shenavar, Seyedeh Forough Sajjadi, Azam Farmani, Mina Zarmehrparirouy, Leila Azadbakht
    Frontiers in Nutrition.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Factor associated with anthropometric failure among under-five Bengali children: A comparative study between Bangladesh and India
    Ramendra Nath Kundu, Md. Golam Hossain, Md. Ahshanul Haque, Subir Biswas, Md. Monimul Huq, Md. Kamal Pasa, Md. Sabiruzzaman, Premananda Bharati, Lai Kuan Lee
    PLOS ONE.2022; 17(8): e0272634.     CrossRef
  • Breastfeeding Practices, Infant Formula Use, Complementary Feeding and Childhood Malnutrition: An Updated Overview of the Eastern Mediterranean Landscape
    Carla Ibrahim, Khlood Bookari, Yonna Sacre, Lara Hanna-Wakim, Maha Hoteit
    Nutrients.2022; 14(19): 4201.     CrossRef
  • Trends in inequalities in childhood stunting in Ethiopia from 2000 to 2016: a cross sectional study
    Betregiorgis Zegeye, Gebretsadik Shibre, Dina Idriss-Wheeler, Sanni Yaya
    Journal of Public Health.2021; 43(3): 655.     CrossRef
  • Relationship of Malnutrition in Children with Food and Nutrition Insecurity in Fars Province, Iran
    Razieh Shenavar, Mohsen Moghaddami, Soheila Shaghaghian, Mohsen Ali Akbarpoor, Mansore Nowrospour, Mahdieh Farid
    Shiraz E-Medical Journal.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Economic inequality in malnutrition: a global systematic review and meta-analysis
    Rotimi Alao, Hayaan Nur, Emily Fivian, Bhavani Shankar, Suneetha Kadiyala, Helen Harris-Fry
    BMJ Global Health.2021; 6(12): e006906.     CrossRef
  • The prevalence of stunting among children and adolescents living in the Middle East and North Africa region (MENA): A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Hassan Joulaei, Parisa Keshani, Mahkameh Ashourpour, Peyman Bemani, Sanaz Amiri, Jamileh Rahimi, Mohsen Aliakbarpour, Amin Salehi-Abargouei
    Journal of Global Health.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and risk factors of childhood hypertension from birth through childhood: a retrospective cohort study
    Xiaohua Liang, Lun Xiao, Yetao Luo, Jiapei Xu
    Journal of Human Hypertension.2020; 34(2): 151.     CrossRef
  • Smartphone-Based Maternal Education for the Complementary Feeding of Undernourished Children Under 3 Years of Age in Food-Secure Communities: Randomised Controlled Trial in Urmia, Iran
    Navisa Seyyedi, Bahlol Rahimi, Hamid Reza Farrokh Eslamlou, Hadi Lotfnezhad Afshar, Armin Spreco, Toomas Timpka
    Nutrients.2020; 12(2): 587.     CrossRef
  • Effect of a newly developed ready-to-use supplementary food on growth indicators in children with mild to moderate malnutrition
    F. Azimi, A. Esmaillzadeh, E. Alipoor, M. Moslemi, M. Yaseri, M.J. Hosseinzadeh-Attar
    Public Health.2020; 185: 290.     CrossRef
  • Measurement components of socioeconomic status in health-related studies in Iran
    Sediqe Shafiei, Shahram Yazdani, Mohammad-Pooyan Jadidfard, A. Hamid Zafarmand
    BMC Research Notes.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Determinants of stunting among under-five children in Ethiopia: a multilevel mixed-effects analysis of 2016 Ethiopian demographic and health survey data
    K. Fantay Gebru, W. Mekonnen Haileselassie, A. Haftom Temesgen, A. Oumer Seid, B. Afework Mulugeta
    BMC Pediatrics.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of underweight and wasting in Iranian children aged below 5 years: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Yousef Moradi, Fatemeh Khosravi Shadmani, Kamyar Mansori, Shiva Mansouri Hanis, Rozhin Khateri, Hossein Mirzaei
    Korean Journal of Pediatrics.2018; 61(8): 231.     CrossRef

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health