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J Prev Med Public Health > Volume 41(5); 2008 > Article
Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health 2008;41(5): 307-314. doi: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2008.41.5.307
Study on the Health Status of the Residents near Military Airbases in Pyeongtaek City.
Hyunjoo Kim, Sangchul Roh, Ho Jang Kwon, Ki Chung Paik, Moo Yong Rhee, Jae Yun Jeong, Myung Ho Lim, Mi Jin Koo, Chang Hoon Kim, Hae Young Kim, Jeong Hun Lim, Dong Hyun Kim
1Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Dankook University College of Medicine, Korea.
2Department of Preventive Medicine, Dankook University College of Medicine, Korea. hojang@dku.edu
3Department of Psychiatry, Dankook University College of Medicine, Korea.
4Department of Internal Medicine, Dongguk University College of Medicine, Korea.
5Department of Otolaryngology, Dankook University College of Medicine, Korea.
6Department of Social Science, Seoul National University, Korea.
7Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Korea.
8Craniomaxillofacial Life Science 21, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Korea.
9Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Korea.
10Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Dankook University Hospital, Korea.
ABSTRACT
OBJECTIVES: We conducted an epidemiologic survey to evaluate the effect of the aircraft noise exposure on the health of the residents near the military airbases in Pyeongtaek City. METHODS: The evaluation of environmental noise level, questionnaire survey, and health examination were performed for 917 residents. The study population consisted of four groups: subjects who lived in the village close to the fighter airbase (high exposure), subjects who lived along the course of fighters (intermediate exposure), and subjects near a helicopter airbase, and the control group. RESULTS: The prevalence of the aircraft noise related accident and irritable bowel syndrome in the exposure groups were higher than that of the control group. The risks of noise induced hearing loss, hypertension and diabetes mellitus were higher in the exposed groups than in the control group. The prevalence of anxiety disorder and primary insomnia were higher in the exposed groups than in the control group. Prevalence odd ratios of the risk for primary insomnia after adjusting age, sex, agricultural noise, and occupation were 4.03 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.56-10.47] for the subject near the helicopter airbase, 1.23 (95% CI 0.40-3.76) for those intermediately exposed to fighter noise, and 4.99 (95% CI 2.14-11.64) for those highly exposed to fighter noise. CONCLUSIONS: The results of the present study suggest that the aircraft noise may have adverse effects on hearing function, cardiovascular health and mental health. Therefore, it seems to be needed to take proper measures including the control of the aircraft noise and the management of the exposed people's health.
Key words: Aircraft noise; Cardiovascular diseases; Mental health; Hearing loss
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